I was looking for the latest broiler news when I came across a study in Animal Frontiers called ”Impact of genetics and breeding on broiler production performance: a look into the past, present, and future of the industry.” This study was made by Dr. Marcos Tavarez and Dr. Fausto Solis de los Santos. It is a good read for people who are in the grower or broiler industry.
Genetics has played a huge part in the selection and breeding of livestock for the last few decades. Presently, experts in the animal science industry claim that genetics and breeding have been used in the poultry industry since the 1940s.
Improved genetics and breeding is said to account for about 80 to 90 per cent of improvements. This means that people in the early days of poultry selection had to “grow” their stock longer and feed them larger servings yet were still unable to attain the current success that is enjoyed by poultry producers at present.
The factors that they base these on are what they consider economically important traits. These include growth rate, body weight, feed efficiency and other factors that are associated with carcass processing.
In the last 20 years, the poultry industry has focused heavily on breast meat yield. Hence, the increased rate of the body weight in broilers. At present, they believe that they can use genetics to manipulate broiler weight to roughly 5 pounds in less than 29 days by the year 2034.
However, one must consider that while genetics can be manipulated, there are other factors that are of vital importance. Management of the environment and proper nutrition are necessary as well. Without these factors, the genetic selection will be all for naught. You can read the full article here.
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Trish Valenzuela specializes in recruiting for poultry feed additive companies. She has filled positions in technical support, sales and sales management across the USA.
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